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Indoor fires and wood burning

Use this page to find out what you can burn in your open fire or stove and the effects of wood burning to health. 

Burning wood or other solid fuels at home emits dangerous pollution both inside and outside the home, known as fine particulate matter. Use national guidance to understand the affects of air pollution on health and the environment.

The City of Bath Smoke Control Area

The City of Bath is a designated Smoke Control Area, which means it’s illegal to burn smoky fuels such as wood and coal in an open fireplace or in a non-approved wood burning or multi-fuel stove.

It is an offence to use an unauthorised fuel in a non-exempt appliance or to purchase an unauthorised fuel for this purpose. 

You can make a complaint about a bonfire or smoke nuisance in the Bath and North East Somerset area through our report a bonfire or smoke nuisance page.

WarningYou can be fined up to £300 if you do not comply with the law.

What you can burn in your open fire or stove

Authorised fuels

The Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs provides a list of authorised fuels

In a smoke control area, unless you are using an exempt appliance, you can only burn fuel on the list of authorised fuels, such as anthracite or low volatile steam coal.

Approved/exempt appliances

The Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs provides a list of exempt appliances

In a smoke control area, you can only burn unauthorised fuels such as wood, wood chips and wood pellets in boilers, cookers and stoves that are approved by Defra as ‘exempt appliances’. However, you should only use the type of fuel that the manufacturer says can be used in it. 

Financial assistance

Use our Energy at Home service to enquire about financial assistance to make energy efficiency improvements to your home.

Monitoring

PM2.5 (particulate matter not exceeding 2.5 micrometres) is monitored on the London Road in Bath and most recent annual levels are equal to the World Health Organization’s guideline levels.

PM10 (larger particulate matter not exceeding 10 micrometres) is also monitored on London Road and Lower Bristol Road and are close to the World Health Organization’s guideline levels, but within the UK Nation.

There is no proven safe level of PM2.5 and it is not visible. So the more we can do to reduce emissions the better.

For more information on the work that Bath and North East Somerset are undertaking regarding the climate emergency, visit our Climate and Ecological Emergencies page.

The Burn Right campaign also provides valuable information about wood burning and air pollution.